A geographic tongue causes stinging or burning sensations and occasionally causes pain, swelling or numbness 2. Geographic tongue alters papillae—small protrusions on which taste buds are located—that are evenly spread out on unaffected tongues 2.
Geographic tongue, bad breath, weird taste in mouth, mucus in stool, IBS
Close examination shows red patches with grayish-white borders on the surface of the geographic tongue 2. Papillae are missing within the red patches, but clustered in the gray areas. Foods and beverages precipitate symptoms that disappear and reappear, changing in shape or size within hours or days.
This condition runs in families, but the true cause of the condition is uncertain. While there are no known cures for a geographic tongue, you can inhibit symptoms and alleviate discomfort by avoiding foods that may aggravate the condition 2. Acidic fruits are common triggers for geographic tongue flare-ups, with citrus fruits, tomatoes and pineapples causing the worst reactions in the fruit category 2. Although the appearance of a geographic tongue may be unfamiliar and possibly disturbing, it doesn't cause health problems and is not associated with infections or cancer 2.
However, if sores develop on your tongue or in another part of your mouth, consult with an oral health care provider.
Many people who have a geographic tongue do not experience pain or loss of taste 2. They do feel occasional irritation in affected spots on the tongue or increased sensitivity and discomfort when eating certain foods. Hot, spicy foods and sauces, especially those containing chili peppers or chili powder, are prime causes of symptoms.
Geographic tongue is also known as benign migratory glossitis, which means that it is a non-malignant, non-invasive inflammation of the tongue with patches or lesions that heal in one part of the tongue and then migrate or move to another 2. These patches on the tongue have a map-like or geographic pattern 2. Walnuts cause inflammation, stinging and sometimes pain when eaten by someone who has a geographic tongue 1 2.
Pecans can have a similar, but less extreme effect. Vegetables that can provoke a reaction on the tongue are eggplant, chard and spinach. Raw spinach is less problematic than cooked spinach. People suffering from geographic tongue may also have a fissured tongue, a disorder that causes deep fissures or grooves on the surface of the tongue 2. Cooked spinach seems to enter the grooves of a geographic tongue and act as an irritant, causing swelling and discomfort for some people 2.
Foods that cause this to happen include strong cheeses, such as those in the bleu or Swiss cheese families; oregano, the seasoning used in tomato sauces and on fish or poultry; and strongly flavored candies, such as peppermint or cinnamon hard candy. Maura Wolf's published online articles focus on women, children, parenting, non-traditional families, companion animals and mental health.
An Overview of Geographic Tongue
A licensed psychotherapist sinceWolf counsels individuals struggling with depression, anxiety, body image, parenting, aging and LGBTQ issues. Monitor the health of your community here. More Articles. Written by Maura Wolf.
Related Articles. Images in clinical medicine. Geographic tongue.Benign migratory glossitis, also called geographic tongue, is a harmless benign inflammatory condition affecting the tongue's mucous membrane. It causes discolored bald patches on the tongue's surface that often appear in an "island-like" distribution, making the tongue's surface look like a map.Tongue
While the appearance of geographic tongue is unusual and may be alarming if someone has not experienced it before, the condition is completely benign. This photo contains content that some people may find graphic or disturbing.
People who experience geographic tongue often have periods of remission when they don't have any lesions at all. When lesions are present on the tongue, they may come and go at random, change size or shape, change location, change color usually they appear as white, yellow, pink, or red. They may affect only one area of the tongue or several areas.
Changes to the lesions associated with geographic tongue often take place over the course of several days. For most people, the condition is painless. While people often worry that the lesions associated with geographic tongue may predispose them to more serious health issues, there is no evidence that the condition increases a person's risk for more serious diseases, such as oral cancer. While the changes in appearance caused by the condition may come and go, they do not cause permanent damage to the tongue and the condition is not believed to have any long-term health consequences.
The exact cause of geographic tongue is unknown. However, there are many proposed theories and potential associations that have been explored. Many people with the condition have reported that it seems to appear during times of stress. Others have noted that the condition may occasionally appear in families, implying there may be certain genetic or environmental components.
One study exploring the possible connection with psoriasis identified a gene variant in interleukin-1 beta IL-1B as a predisposing factor for developing geographic tongue. In some cases, certain parafunctional habits such as teeth grinding have been linked to the development of geographic tongue. Additionally, people who have a condition known as fissured tongue also appear to be more likely to have geographic tongue.
While many theories are being explored, current research has yet to establish a definitive cause for geographic tongue, and links to certain conditions such as psoriasis remain speculative. Geographic tongue affects both men and women of all ages and racial backgrounds. It appears to occur more frequently in children.
Geographic tongue is often diagnosed incidentally; a doctor or dentist may notice the condition during a routine exam. However, sometimes people may specifically seek medical care when they notice the condition because they are worried it is a sign of a serious health problem, such as an infection or cancer.
A diagnosis of geographic tongue is usually made after a doctor visually examines the mouth and asks questions, such as when the lesions appeared and if they are causing pain. There are a few other conditions that may look similar to geographic tongue that a doctor may want to rule out, including:. As the condition is harmless and usually painless, doctors usually do not order any specific tests to diagnose the condition. If there is uncertainty about the diagnosis, or if a doctor wants to rule out another condition with a similar appearance, they may take a tissue sample from the tongue for biopsy.
However, in most cases, the characteristic appearance of geographic tongue lesions are adequate to make a confident diagnosis and rule out other conditions. Geographic tongue does not require any treatment because it is benign, resolves on its own, and usually doesn't cause pain.
If someone with the condition notices sensitivity to certain foods, drinks, or substances such as tobacco or toothpaste they may want to take note of what irritates the lesions and avoid them during times when the condition is present or flaring up.
If the pain is severe, topical anesthetics or agents that numb the tongue may be offered. Mouth rinses can also be used to soothe any discomfort associated with the condition. Depending on the cause, some people who experience geographic tongue may benefit from trying medication to treat allergies antihistamine.
For people who have a chronic health condition such as psoriasis and experience geographic tongue as a result, usually treating the underlying condition resolves the lesions. Since most people who have benign migratory glossitis don't realize they have it, finding painful lesions in the mouth can be alarming.
While the condition usually doesn't require medication, those who experience pain may benefit from treatment with topical steroids, antihistamines, or soothing mouth rinses.Your physician or dentist can usually make a diagnosis of geographic tongue based on an examination of your tongue and your signs and symptoms. Geographic tongue typically doesn't require any medical treatment. Although geographic tongue can sometimes cause tongue discomfort, it's otherwise a harmless condition.Cover letters resumes important to work
Because these treatments haven't been studied rigorously, their benefit is uncertain. Since the condition resolves on its own and has an unpredictable course, you may not be able to tell if the symptomatic treatments are actually working.
You may reduce discomfort associated with geographic tongue by avoiding or limiting substances that commonly aggravate sensitive oral tissues, such as spicy or acidic foods or beverages, as well as alcohol and tobacco.
Prepare questions ahead of time to make the most of your appointment. Basic questions to ask include:. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Diagnosis Your physician or dentist can usually make a diagnosis of geographic tongue based on an examination of your tongue and your signs and symptoms.
During the exam, your physician or dentist may: Use a lighted instrument to check your tongue and mouth Ask you to move your tongue around in various positions Gently touch palpate your tongue to check for tenderness or unusual changes in the tongue's texture or consistency Check for signs of infection, such as fever or swollen lymph nodes in the neck.
Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references Usatine RP, et al. Geographic tongue. New York, N.
Accessed Jan. Mangold AR, et al. Diseases of the tongue.Dissertation library database software windows
Clinics in Dermatology. Rochester, Minn. Goldstein BG, et al. Oral lesions. The American Academy of Oral Medicine. Picciani BL, et al. Geographic tongue and psoriasis: Clinical, histopathological, immunohistochemical and genetic correlation — A literature review. Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia. Salinas TJ expert opinion.Although geographic tongue is inflammation affecting the tongue surface, it is harmless.
Let us learn more about it and natural cures to treat it. In general, our tongue is covered with pinkish-white and tiny papillae. It may also affect the side of your tongue. One of the symptoms of geographic tongue is that the lesion frequently changes its shape, size and location.South africa geography and climate change
Also, there is burning or pain while eating acidic or spicy foods. However, in most of the people with geographic tongue, there is no symptom but sometimes it may be uncomfortable. The cause of geographic tongue is not known, and so there is no way to prevent it.
There may be a link between geographic tongue and lichen planus or psoriasis, but more research is to be done on this. Specific foods such as cheese may trigger it. Hormonal changes may also be a cause. People with a family history of a geographical tongue and with other disorder of tongue such as fissured tongue are more at risk. It is not at all contagious and never turns into cancer, but the red areas may get infected by candida, and in rare cases, there are sores, bad breath and burning pain.
To ease the mild irritation, you can try specific home remedies mentioned below. Oil pulling is an ancient practice to treat geographic tongue. It eliminates the toxins from your mouth and promotes good oral health.
Swish your mouth with a tablespoon of sesame oil or cold pressed coconut oil for 10 minutes and then spit it out. This is followed by rinsing your mouth with warm water. Do not swallow the oil. Repeat this in the morning before eating. Brush your teeth as usual.Geographic tongue results from the loss of tiny hairlike projections papillae on your tongue's surface. This papillae loss appears as smooth, red patches of varying shapes and sizes.
Geographic tongue is an inflammatory but harmless condition affecting the surface of your tongue. The tongue is normally covered with tiny, pinkish-white bumps papillaewhich are actually short, fine, hairlike projections. With geographic tongue, patches on the surface of the tongue are missing papillae and appear as smooth, red "islands," often with slightly raised borders.
These patches lesions give the tongue a maplike, or geographic, appearance. The lesions often heal in one area and then move migrate to a different part of your tongue. Geographic tongue is also known as benign migratory glossitis. Although geographic tongue may look alarming, it doesn't cause health problems and isn't associated with infection or cancer.
Geographic tongue can sometimes cause tongue discomfort and increased sensitivity to certain substances, such as spices, salt and even sweets. Geographic tongue can continue for days, months or years. The problem often resolves on its own but may appear again at a later time. Geographic tongue is a minor — although sometimes uncomfortable — condition. However, lesions on the tongue may indicate other more-serious conditions of the tongue or diseases affecting the body in general.
If you have lesions on the tongue that don't resolve within 10 days, see your doctor or dentist. The cause of geographic tongue is unknown, and there's no way to prevent the condition.
There may be a link between geographic tongue and psoriasis and between geographic tongue and lichen planus.
But more research is needed to better understand possible connections. Studies of factors that may be associated with an increased risk of geographic tongue have produced mixed results. Factors that are likely associated with an increased risk include:. Geographic tongue is a benign condition. It doesn't pose a threat to your health, cause long-term complications or increase your risk of major health problems. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products.
Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version.
Undiagnosed Symptoms Community. Geographic tongue, bad breath, weird taste in mouth, mucus in stool, IBS mandabanana. I have no idea if these symptoms are related or what they are cause from, but anyways, a couple of years ago I developed what 2 dentists are calling geographic tongue.
I also started having this weird, bad taste in my mouth all of the time. It's almost a numb-like feeling. About 6 months ago I started having this weird bad breath.
All of this just started out of the blue.
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I have been completely stressing myself out trying to figure out what is wrong. I was told about 10 years ago that I have IBS. I have all of the classic IBS symptoms. I also have noticed lately a lot of mucus in my stool. Do all of these symptoms sound like anything to you? I have researched the internet until I've scared myself to death thinking I have all sorts of deadly diseases.
I can't figure out what is wrong with me. Please, if anyone has any idea what I have please tell me!! Answer Question. Read 12 Responses. Follow - 1. Other than the geographic tongue, I have had the very same symptoms along with alot of stomach discomfort and a pain under the breastbone that feels like a belt is cinching up around my upper adominal area. The horrid taste that comes and goes is driving me crazy.
It is so bad tasting, it will wake me up out of a sound sleep. I had a colonoscopy, endoscopy, abdominal and chest xray, blood tests, ultrasound of upper right quadrant and other than having a mild case of diverticulosis, everything came out normal. I have had all the other symptoms for years.Resume for a cleaner job
Please help i have had bad breath for a few years and recently it has got so much worse! Follow the breathing techniques pranayam described in my other post and you will start to notice benefits. I am so sorry you are feeling this! It is a strange sensation! I think it could be gallstone related. Have you had a gallbladder, pancreas, liver ultrasound yet?
If you have a cleansing diet of olive oil and lemon juice it could fix the problem. Lots of Pear juice and apple juice helps too! Antoehr hting that helps me every attack that sets in with the pain in the ribs is, taking 2 tbsp of apple cider vinegar! If you were to get your gallbladdder out, the chances are high you'll still have gall attacks and the strange symptoms, and diahhrea for life!!!We will post this one-time message to your account onJuly 13 at 12:00PM CEST.
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